Limetree Bay Refinery Closes after Raining Oil on St. Croix Island
Two decades ago, we were in St. Croix, considering investing in a new project, on this beautiful island, with gorgeous ocean waters and pleasant breezes coming off of the ocean. The downtown area is small enough to walk and shop and watch the local people. The language is English, and the lifestyle seems easy.
Then our research took us to the largest commercial employer, the REFINERY. Now called the Limetree Bay Refinery, it was a mess 20 years ago, seeming to generate a new "breakdown" or problem every week. When we asked the locals about it, we were told that the refinery had experienced so many leaks, spills and break-downs that everyone on the island, including oil industry people, knew that it was an old, almost worn out facility. To really get it up to speed, would cost more money than most investors wanted to think of. Of course, we were interested in the impact upon the environment, the air, the water. Plus we were interested in the stability of the economy there. If we were going to invest millions on St. Croix, we wanted to be sure it was economically stable. Perhaps it was fortunate that we saw that refinery before we invested millions there. Our project of desalination of water, electrical production with wind turbines and solar power, combined with a campus of greenhouses for food production. We were going to need a stable economy, a stable demand for power and food, and a stable demand for labor. The lack of local capital or funding to upgrade this old refinery bothered me, because there was talk of oil and gas shortages. How could a refinery not be a winner? But, the more people on the island that we talked to, the more we "got" that many in the know, figured it was so old, so worn out, so dominated with obsolete equipment, that it would cost far more to get it up to speed, than anyone on the island had access to. Some workers in that refinery told us: "It is a disaster waiting to happen." Sure enough, after several problems, the refinery closed, for the same reasons we imagined. In the meantime, we determined that with nearly 1000 workers were unemployed and would migrate out of the island. The worst had happened, and we "dodged a bullet", because it is hard to fight an economy without money, stability, and workforce. Years later, Donald Trump, popped up, and was "lobbied" to open that old worn out plant up. Trump pushed through an opportunity for some "investors" to take the refinery over and make it a winner by using his power to let regulators allow investors to open the old refinery up again.
That unfortunate vision changed, when the refinery started "raining" oil and petroleum products on the island of St. Croix, from the sky. It was the final blow. The refinery had been in trouble for years, but the Trump Administration supported that ill conceived effort to let it operate, even though it was an environmental disaster waiting & decided to put the White House behind reopening the old worn out facility. Workers complained of constant break downs, and people worried about dangerous accidents and spills. But for us, just a drive around the property fence of the refinery was enough. It was old, rusted, parts obviously not functioning, we saw reports of so many environmental violations that we were worried about the impacts upon the island. Food, water, air, soils all had to be impacted with so much pollution! Environmental experts had reported and fined and complained about the facility for years. Educated people knew it was just a matter of time before some major disaster happened in St. Croix.
Just take a look at some of the photos of the place. It is said, that a picture is worth a thousands words. Take a look. Over the years experts have said it would require a huge investment to remove the old and broken equipment and replace or renovate the refinery. The EPA and other experts demanded that the facility cease using the worn out facilities, and spend enough of upgrades to make it safe. It took a "rainstorm of oil and misty petroleum" falling upon the Island of St. Croix, the land, gardens, children, schools to force the facility to close. It was a stain upon the beautiful Island of St. Croix.
The press carried this statement:
Yes, after all of our research and evidence that the refinery was just an accident waiting to happen, something blew. Oil and petroleum products spewed into the sky, and then rained down back on the island, "raining" a coating of oil and gas on houses, yards, cars, people, schools, you name it. It rained petroleum products. The same environmental agencies that Trump had forced to allow the plant to reopen, under Biden decided to follow the law, protect the safety of the people. The plant was closed, and the investors said they didn't have enough money to "fix" this old skeleton of a refinery that in truth, had died years ago.
When we were considering investing in St. Croix, the people of the Island were friendly, and met in large numbers to encourage us. "We need new jobs, we love our Island, but good, clean jobs are hard to find these days." The Governor heard our plans, and came to one of our public meetings and gave his encouragement and support. "Too many people are leaving the Island, and going to mainland USA for jobs. We need new enterprises." he said.
But things like the "mountain of garbage" near the airport were disturbing. Figure, there were limitations on getting rid of garbage, and "We just couldn't dump it into the ocean"...so near the airport was a literal mountain of garbage. "We tried shipping it back to the states, but they didn't want our garbage and shipping was expensive."
There was an old "power plant" using technology 50 years old, burning oil and coal. They liked our idea of Wind Turbines and solar for electricity, but there was a lack of development funds to pay for new, modern systems for energy.
Food costs, (the island was once a garden of agricultural production, but now, most of the food is imported in and most of the grocery stores are owned by Muslim/Islamic investors. They controlled the prices, and the prices for food for islanders was high.
So we have had this image of an island paradise, in economic decline, with little capital and leadership to "bring it back". With the demise of it's largest industrial employers, no doubt, many more young people will seek better opportunities, elsewhere, as the Island population continues to age, and the per capital income declines in tandem.
But those lovely, warm, smiling people. We met bright young people, who sadly were leaving the island for better jobs and futures in Florida. My wife and I fell in love with the natives, especially the older people who had lived their lives on St. Croix. They had heart and memories of better times. Times when they enjoyed fresh ocean breezes and fresh food grown right on the island. Times when they didn't have "rain and mists of refinery oil coming down from the sky".
Contact Ben Boothe for Appraisals and Environmental Research
www.benboothe.com 817 793 1484